Follow in the footsteps of bandits and revolutionaries to South America’s most adventurous country. Bolivia will take your breath away, not just because of its spectacular scenery, monuments and relics from ancient civilizations or wildlife, but as large swathes of the country are very high altitude including the de facto capital La Paz. Bolivia is a diverse and landlocked nation of snowy peaks, high plateaus, colourful deserts and tropical lowlands.
Climb your way up the Andes Local belief says the Andes are haunted by mountain gods, called “apus”. Mountaineers come from all over the world to Bolivia to test their mettle against these spirits, and have some of the most breathtaking adventures along the way. Of course, it is important to only go with internationally certified guides, and the mountaineers at Bolivia Expé are some of the most experienced around.
Bolivian food varies with altitude and latitude. When in La Paz try sajta de pollo, hot spicy chicken with onion and potato, or Cochabamba go for silpancho, fried breaded meat with eggs, rice and bananas, in Sucre Salteñas are the best savoury pasties you can get, and in the Tropics go for Surubí (a white fish from the Amazonian rivers).
Llamas have been a part of Andean and Incan culture for thousands of years and the Aymaras and Quechuas use them in their rituals too. For example, when they build a new house or building they bury an unborn fetus under the cornerstone of the new house that will be built. They believe that by giving Mother Nature (they call her Pachamama) the fetus she will bring them health, wealth, happiness and safety in their new house or building.
Top Places to Visit
Arequipa and Colca Canyon
Known for its excellent gastronomy and for being the point where you can look from above how condors fly, Arequipa, also known as the white city, sits at the foot of the Misti volcano and on the banks of the Chili River. This vibrant city's colonial churches and mansions were built in ashlar, a white volcanic stone.
Peru's capital used to be a walled city with narrow streets and long balconies, occupied by Limeños enjoying food, life, and an evening filled with board games. Nowadays, only a small part of the City of Kings retains some of these old days, such as the historic centre, the stately palace of Torre Tagle, and the 1610 stone bridge.
The number one Touristic destination due not only to the historic city but cause of Machupicchu. Cusco used to be the capital of the Tahuantinsuyo empire, inhabited by people from the four suyos (regions) of the Inca confederation. Nowadays, Cusco is mainly the starting point for visits to the Sacred Valley of the Incas as well as the world-famous Machupicchu.
The origin of Andean culture. Located around 200 km north of Lima, this is the oldest known urban settlement and civilization in the Americas. Caral is situated in the middle of the Supe Valley and was developed at the same time as other great cultures in Egypt, China, and Mesopotamia. The farming techniques and sustainable practices of this sacred city still remain a reference point to this day.
Nasca and Palpa Lines
Located in the desert plains of the Rio Grande de Nasca river basin, this is a mysterious gallery of lines and geoglyphs formed by depressions or shallow incisions in southern Peru between 500 BC and 500 AD. More than 800 drawings, naturally preserved by the region's dry climate, stretching over 450 km² of hot desert sand.
Chiclayo and Trujillo
Northern cities well-known for their excellent gastronomy and for being one of the best spots for archaeology hunters. They share the legacy of the Moche and Chimu cultures, builders of the great Chan Chan citadel as well as the Tomb of the Lord of Sipan. This tomb, once created for this very important Mochica warrior priest, reveals incredibly valuable gold and silver objects.